McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
Under the McKinney-Vento Act, the term “homeless children and youths” means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes children and youths:
- who are sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
- are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
- are living in emergency or transitional shelters, who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
- who are migratory children who live in one of the above circumstances.
The McKinney-Vento Act requires that
- homeless students who move have the right to remain in their schools of origin if that is in the student’s best interest;
- homeless students must be immediately enrolled in a new school, even if they do not have the records normally required for enrollment;
- transportation must be provided to or from a student’s school of origin, at the request of a parent, guardian, or, in the case of an unaccompanied youth, the local liaison;
- homeless students must have access to all programs and services for which they are eligible;
- unaccompanied youths must be accorded specific protections, including immediate enrollment in school without proof of guardianship;
- parents, guardians, and unaccompanied youths have the right to dispute an eligibility, school selection, or enrollment decision.